This sounds really interesting, and at least partly ties in with things I've studied before. Unfortunately I can't really point you to many modern sources because of our differences in language but older sources as well as general topics and thoughts I can probably come up with. It's been a while since I worked with these topics and it's really not quite my field of expertise but here are a few thoughts and names to get started:
Bruce N H wrote:-Individual scientists I could focus on (Albertus Magnus, Da Vinci, Roger Bacon)
There are of course quite a bunch to choose from but I would at least suggest Ibn Sina (Avicenna). You also have to consider how much the medieval "science" leaned on the ancient traditions (mostly traded down from the Greek via Arabic) so at least familiarizing oneself with persons such as Aristoteles, Galenos, Ptolemaios, Eratosthenes and others would in my opinion be a good idea.
Scholarship then and now - methods of science, theory of knowledge, history of the great schools(?)
When discussing method and theory of knowledge Scholasticism is a topic that can't be avoided, you've already mentioned Albertus Magnus but a man such as William of Ockham and above all Thomas ab Aquino (Thomas Aquinas) needs mentioning as well.
Most important might be Ibn Rushd (Averroës) though, for his idea on how philosophy and religion could be two ways to the same truth, the founder of secular science you might say.
I would also say a comparison between the views of the Christian and Islamic spheres would be really interesting, as well as studying how much the Islamic thinkers, despite being "heathen", actually came to influence the Western traditions of learning
"Hinc satis elucet maiorem habere uim ad discenda ista liberam curiositatem quam meticulosam necessitatem.”
- Augustinus Hipponensis